Educatoria : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Pendidikan <p><strong>Educatoria : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Pendidikan</strong> contains writings/articles on the results of thoughts, research, and conceptual studies in all educational disciplines. Any interested author can submit articles following the submission guidelines. If the submitted article does not comply with the guidelines or is written in a different format, it will be rejected by the editor before further review. Editors will only accept manuscripts that meet the format provided. This journal is an open-access peer-reviewed scientific journal that published by Lembaga Pendidikan, Penelitian, dan Pengabdian Kamandanu, which is located at TGH. Lopan Street, Griya Rumak Asri, Kediri District, West Lombok Regency, West Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia.</p> en-US <ul class="license-properties col-md-offset-2 col-md-8" dir="ltr"> <li class="license by"> <p><strong>Attribution</strong> — You must give <a id="appropriate_credit_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="" data-original-title="">appropriate credit</a>, provide a link to the license, and <a id="indicate_changes_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="" data-original-title="">indicate if changes were made</a>. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.<span id="by-more-container"></span></p> </li> <li class="license sa"> <p><strong>ShareAlike</strong> — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the <a id="same_license_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="" data-original-title="">same license</a> as the original.</p> </li> </ul> (Mr. Safnowandi) (Mr. Pahmi Husain) Tue, 30 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Penerapan Pembelajaran Berorientasi NoS (Nature of Science) untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Proses Sains dan Pemahaman Konsep Siswa <p><em>The results of observations carried out at SMA Negeri 1 Pemenang, North Lombok Regency, found that the classical completeness obtained was far from the predetermined indicators. The low student learning outcomes are thought to occur because presentations often use the lecture method and there are no practical activities because the tools for this are not available. Apart from that, in every lesson that uses the lecture method the teacher is often the center of attention and the students are only the receiving objects. So students do not have the opportunity to develop knowledge and abilities in science process skills. The NoS (Nature of Science) model invites students to be able to train students' abilities in improving problem-solving abilities so that they can improve students' science process skills and understanding of concepts. The aim of this research is to improve students' science process skills and conceptual understanding through the NoS (Nature of Science) learning model on the sub-subject of environmental pollution. This type of research is classroom action research carried out in 2 cycles consisting of planning, implementation, observation, evaluation and reflection stages. Research data in the form of student learning outcomes was taken using multiple choice test techniques and descriptions. The average score obtained in cycle I was 76.07, in cycle II it increased to 80.00. While classical completeness was 67.85% in cycle I, in cycle II it increased to 85.71%. Meanwhile, the average score for students' science process skills in cycle I was 70.8 in the high category, in cycle II the average score for students' science process skills increased to 78.1 in the high category. The conclusion of this research is that NOS (Nature of Science) oriented learning can improve students' science process skills and understanding of concepts.</em></p> Jumaeni Jumaeni Copyright (c) 2024 Jumaeni Tue, 30 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Pengaruh Metode Demonstrasi terhadap Motivasi dan Hasil Belajar Siswa Kelas XI SMA <p><em>The problem of Biology learning at SMA Negeri 11 Semarang, namely that learning still uses conventional methods, where teachers talk more, ask questions and tell stories to inform all the facts and concepts of learning, the low number of positive activities that students remember is due to the learning techniques used by The teacher does not facilitate students to be more active in receiving the material presented by the teacher. This affects the low motivation and learning outcomes of students. To overcome this problem, the demonstration method is used. This research is an experimental research with a non-equivalent groups pretest-posttest design which aims to determine the effect of the demonstration method on the motivation and learning outcomes of class XI students at SMA Negeri 11 Semarang. The population of this study was all class XI SMA Negeri 11 Semarang with a total of 141 students. Sampling was carried out using a purposive sampling technique with class XIF as the experimental class and class XIE as the control class. The independent variable in this research is the demonstration method and the dependent variable, namely motivation and student learning outcomes. Data on student motivation results were analyzed descriptively and results were obtained at the first meeting with a percentage of 50% and categorized as low, then at the second meeting with a percentage of 62.5% categorized as quite high, because there was an increase at each meeting, it was concluded that the use of the demonstration method could improve Learning motivation of class XIF students at SMA Negeri 11 Semarang. Data on student learning outcomes were analyzed using a two-party t-test with the polled variance t-test formula. At a significance level of 5%, the degrees of freedom (dk=43) obtained tcount &gt; ttable (3.280 &gt; 2.014), so Ha is accepted and H0 is rejected. So from the results of the analysis of learning outcomes it can be concluded that the use of the demonstration method influences the learning outcomes of class XI students at SMA Negeri 11 Semarang.</em></p> Fariha Onny Copyright (c) 2024 Fariha Onny Tue, 30 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Students’ Abilities and Difficulties in Comprehending English Reading Texts at Second Grade Students’ of SMA Negeri 1 Sakra Timur <p>Reading is one of the four language skills taught in English learning process. Reading comprehension is the process of making meaning from the texts. Reading comprehension is the ability of the students to read the English reading texts, process the texts, and understand its meaning and integrated with what the reader already knows. The students had still low ability and high difficulties in comprehend the text. This study deals with the abilities and difficulties of the students in comprehending English reading texts. This research study aimed (a) to know the students’ reading abilities in comprehending English text, (b) to find out the students’ difficulties in comprehending English text, (c) to identify factors of causing the students’ difficulties in comprehending English text. The research employed qualitative research method. Data were collected through documentation/worksheet test and interview by 25 students’ and English teacher at senior high school in Sakra Timur. Among other findings, the present study reports that the students’ ability in comprehending English reading texts focus on descriptive text was still low. They had got low ability because they had high difficulties in comprehending English text. The difficulties faced by the students were determining main idea, understanding vocabulary, difficulties in making inference, and to looking for the detail information. The factors were causing the students’ difficulties in comprehending consist of two factors internal and external. The internal factors consist of the student difficulties in understanding long sentence, inadequate instruction presented by teacher, and difficulties in understanding vocabulary). The external factor consists of school and house environment. The other problem is the students’ lack of motivation, lack of interest in English, and lack of participant in English learning process. Their low in reading comprehension was due to their difficulties in comprehension.</p> Rodiyathul Aini Copyright (c) 2024 Rodiyathul Aini Tue, 30 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Pengembangan Handout tentang Identifikasi Ektoparasit pada Kelelawar pada Mata Kuliah Ekologi Hewan <p><em>Learning handouts are printed teaching materials that contain important points of the material that will be presented or taught by students. This research aims to develop a handout on identifying ectoparasites in bats in animal ecology courses. The type of research used is development research using the 4D model approach (Define, Design, Develop, and Disseminate) which in Indonesian has been adapted into the 4P model (Definition, Design, Development, and Dissemination). However, in this development research, the researcher only reached the 3P stage (Definition, Design, and Development) which was validated by three expert validators (material or content expert, display expert, and language expert) and readability test by students. Based on the results of the validation analysis of teaching materials, it shows that the ecological handouts validated by three expert validators, namely material or content experts, are suitable for use without revision with an average score of 4.12, appearance experts are suitable for use without revision with an average score of 4. 28, and linguists are suitable for use without revision with an average score of 4, as well as a readability test by 15 students with an average score of 3 with a category suitable for use without revision. Therefore, the teaching materials in the form of ecological handouts developed are suitable for use by students.</em></p> Bayu Tirta Kencana Copyright (c) 2024 Bayu Tirta Kencana Tue, 30 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Siswa SMP Negeri 2 Gunungsari Melalui Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Guided Discovery Learning <p><em>Education is an effort made to achieve a certain goal. Through these efforts, it is hoped that students can increase their knowledge and explore the potential they have, so that it can be useful for themselves and others. The aim of this research is to determine student learning outcomes through the application of the guided discovery learning model. The type of research used is qualitative descriptive research. This research design is a one shot case study. The population in this study were class VII students of SMP Negeri 2 Gunungsari. The sample used in this research was class VIIA and VII B of SMP Negeri 2 Gunungsari. The instrument used in this research is a learning outcomes test sheet. In this research, the type of test used was a multiple choice form with 4 answer choices. One correct answer and three wrong answers, the score for each question is one if correct and zero if incorrect. The data analysis techniques used are individual and classical completeness and indicator completeness. Based on the research data, it can be stated that of the 10 indicators tested in the pretest, all indicators had an average percentage of completeness of 13.4%, while in the posttest all indicators had an average percentage of completeness of 64.5%. Thus it can be concluded that the application of the Guided Discovery Learning (GDL) model can improve student learning outcomes. This is because this learning can invite students to play an active role, students are able to interact, collaborate with their group friends, and involve the students' initial abilities.</em></p> Marcelya Inna, Safnowandi Safnowandi, Sucika Armiani Copyright (c) 2024 Marcelya Inna, Safnowandi, & Sucika Armiani Tue, 30 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000